Rally Car Racing

Rally car racing (also known as rallying, prorally, stage rallying, or rally racing) that differs from other forms of motorsport racing in that the cars race in time trials. This means that they are focusing on speed and racing against the clock instead of in head to head competition with other participants. The races are held on closed tracks (often dirt or gravel roads) and generally contain many twists and turns, it is for this reason that both a driver and co-driver or navigator is needed. There are two main types of rallying; road rallies, and stage rallies.

Road rallies were the original type of this branch of auto racing, taking place on highways open to normal traffic, and focusing less on speed and more on timekeeping and navigation. Some of the common types of road rally races (Time-Distance-Speed rally and regularity rally) test drivers and vehicles on navigation, accuracy, and problem-solving.

Due to the unusual and challenging aspects of stage rallying, it is seen as the professional arm of the two rally categories and has built a huge, international fan-base. These races are based on outright speed on tracks closed to public traffic and aim to test the reliability of the vehicles and skill of the crew, taking place on complex tracks on all types of terrain. Stage rally drivers are renowned as some of the best-skilled drivers in the world, racing on ice, snow, sand, asphalt, dirt and gravel tracks at incredible speeds. Because of the great difficulty involved in these races, drivers and crews use a variety of interesting techniques to maintain speed whilst navigating tight corners, twists, and bumps, these include the handbrake turn, double clutch, heel-and-toe, Scandinavian flick, and left-foot braking. Drivers also use speaker and intercom systems to communicate effectively with their navigators and crew.

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